Today in History: June 7

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UNDATED (AP) Wednesday, June 7, is the 158th day of 2017. There are 207 days left in the year.
  • Highlight in History:
    • On June 7, 1942, the Battle of Midway ended in a decisive victory for American naval forces over Imperial Japan, marking a turning point in the Pacific War.
  • On this date:
    • In 1654, King Louis XIV, age 15, was crowned in Rheims, 11 years after the start of his reign.
    • In 1776, Richard Henry Lee of Virginia offered a resolution to the Continental Congress stating “That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.”
    • In 1892, Homer Plessy, a “Creole of color,” was arrested for refusing to leave a whites-only car of the East Louisiana Railroad. (Ruling on his case, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld “separate but equal” racial segregation, a concept it renounced in 1954.)
    • In 1917, the Lions Clubs service organization was founded in Chicago.
    • Actor-singer Dean Martin was born Dino Paul Crocetti in Steubenville, Ohio.
    • In 1929, the sovereign state of Vatican City came into existence as copies of the Lateran Treaty were exchanged in Rome.
    • In 1937, actress Jean Harlow died in Los Angeles at age 26.
    • In 1958, singer-songwriter Prince was born Prince Rogers Nelson in Minneapolis.
    • In 1965, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Griswold v. Connecticut, struck down, 7-2, a Connecticut law used to prosecute a Planned Parenthood clinic in New Haven for providing contraceptives to married couples.
    • In 1967, the Haight Ashbury Free Medical Clinic opened in San Francisco. Author-critic Dorothy Parker, famed for her caustic wit, died in New York at age 73.
    • In 1977, Britons thronged London to celebrate the silver jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II, who was marking the 25th year of her reign.
    • In 1981, Israeli military planes destroyed a nuclear power plant in Iraq, a facility the Israelis charged could have been used to make nuclear weapons.
    • In 1998, in a crime that shocked the nation, James Byrd Jr., a 49-year-old black man, was hooked by a chain to a pickup truck and dragged to his death in Jasper, Texas. (Two white men were later sentenced to death; one of them, Lawrence Russell Brewer, was executed in 2011. A third defendant received life with the possibility of parole.)
  • Ten years ago:
    • At the G-8 summit in Germany, Russian President Vladimir Putin, bitterly opposed to a U.S. missile shield in Europe, presented President George W. Bush with a surprise counterproposal built around a Soviet-era radar system in Azerbaijan (ah-zur-by-JAHN’); Bush promised to consider the idea, but ended up essentially rejecting it.
    • After three days in jail for a reckless-driving probation violation, Paris Hilton was released by Los Angeles County sheriff’s officials to be sent home under house arrest. (The next day, a judge ordered Hilton back to jail, where she spent 21/2 weeks.)
  • Five years ago:
    • Attorney General Eric Holder clashed with Republicans on the House Judiciary Committee seeking more information about a flawed gun-trafficking investigation in Arizona known as “Operation Fast and Furious.”
    • Bob Welch, a former member of Fleetwood Mac who went on to write songs and record several hits during a solo career, died in Nashville.
  • One year ago:
    • Democrat Hillary Clinton and Republican Donald Trump claimed their parties’ presidential nominations following contests in New Jersey, California, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota and South Dakota.
    • Five people were killed and four were injured when a pickup struck a large group of bicyclists from behind on a two-lane road in Kalamazoo County, Michigan; the driver of the pickup, Charles Pickett Jr., was charged with second-degree murder and driving under the influence of drugs.
  • Birthdays:
    • Movie director James Ivory is 89.
    • Former Canadian Prime Minister John Turner is 88.
    • Actress Virginia McKenna is 86.
    • Singer Tom Jones is 77.
    • Actor Ronald Pickup is 77.
    • Poet Nikki Giovanni is 74.
    • Actor Ken Osmond (TV: Leave It to Beaver) is 74.
    • Former talk show host Jenny Jones is 71.
    • Americana singer-songwriter Willie Nile is 69.
    • Actress Anne Twomey is 66.
    • Actor Liam Neeson is 65.
    • Actress Colleen Camp is 64.
    • Singer-songwriter Johnny Clegg is 64.
    • Author Louise Erdrich is 63.
    • Actor William Forsythe is 62.
    • Record producer L.A. Reid is 61.
    • Latin pop singer Juan Luis Guerra is 60.
    • Vice President Mike Pence is 58.
    • Rock singer-musician Gordon Gano (The Violent Femmes) is 54.
    • Rapper Ecstasy (Whodini) is 53.
    • Rock musician Eric Kretz (Stone Temple Pilots) is 51.
    • Rock musician Dave Navarro is 50.
    • Actress Helen Baxendale is 47.
    • Actor Karl Urban is 45.
    • TV personality Bear Grylls is 43.
    • Rock musician Eric Johnson (The Shins) is 41.
    • Actress Adrienne Frantz is 39.
    • Actor-comedian Bill Hader is 39.
    • Actress Anna Torv is 38.
    • Actress Larisa Oleynik is 36.
    • Tennis player Anna Kournikova is 36.
    • Actor Michael Cera is 29.
    • Actress Shelley Buckner is 28.
    • Rapper Iggy Azalea is 27.
    • Rapper Fetty Wap is 26.
  • Thought for the Day:
    • “I might repeat to myself, slowly and soothingly, a list of quotations beautiful from minds profound; if I can remember any of the damn things.” — Dorothy Parker (1893-1967).
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