Today in History: August 18

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UNDATED (AP) Friday, Aug. 18, is the 230th day of 2017. There are 135 days left in the year.

  • Highlight in History:
    • On August 18, 1587, Virginia Dare became the first child of English parents to be born in present-day America, on what is now Roanoke Island in North Carolina. (However, the Roanoke colony ended up mysteriously disappearing.)
  • On this date:
    • In 1838, the first marine expedition sponsored by the U.S. government set sail from Hampton Roads, Virginia; the crews traveled the southern Pacific Ocean, gathering scientific information.
    • In 1846, during the Mexican-American War, U.S. forces led by Gen. Stephen W. Kearny occupied Santa Fe in present-day New Mexico.
    • In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson issued his Proclamation of Neutrality, aimed at keeping the United States out of World War I.
    • In 1920, the 19th Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing all American women’s right to vote, was ratified as Tennessee became the 36th state to approve it.
    • In 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King dedicated the Thousand Islands Bridge connecting the United States and Canada.
    • In 1954, during the Eisenhower administration, Assistant Secretary of Labor James Ernest Wilkins became the first black official to attend a meeting of the president’s Cabinet as he sat in for Labor Secretary James P. Mitchell.
    • In 1963, James Meredith became the first black student to graduate from the University of Mississippi.
    • In 1969, the Woodstock Music and Art Fair in Bethel, New York, wound to a close after three nights with a mid-morning set by Jimi Hendrix.
    • In 1976, two U.S. Army officers were killed in Korea’s demilitarized zone as a group of North Korean soldiers wielding axes and metal pikes attacked U.S. and South Korean soldiers.
    • In 1983, Hurricane Alicia slammed into the Texas coast, leaving 21 dead and causing more than a billion dollars’ worth of damage.
    • Also in 1983, the Kansas City Royals defeated the New York Yankees, 5-4, in the completion of the “pine-tar” game in just 12 minutes.
    • In 1988, Vice President George H.W. Bush accepted the presidential nomination of the Republican National Convention in New Orleans.
    • In 1997, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the nation’s largest Lutheran body, voted for closer ties with three other major Protestant denominations: the Presbyterian Church (USA), the United Church of Christ and the Reformed Church in America.
  • Ten years ago:
    • Alarmed tourists jammed Caribbean airports for flights out of Hurricane Dean’s path as the monster storm began sweeping past the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
    • NASA, meanwhile, ordered space shuttle Endeavour back to Earth a day early out of fear Dean might disrupt flight operations.
    • A seven-alarm fire ripped through an abandoned skyscraper next to ground zero in Lower Manhattan, killing two firefighters who responded to the blaze.
    • Michael K. Deaver, a close adviser to President Ronald Reagan, died in Bethesda, Maryland, at age 69.
  • Five years ago:
    • Tropical Storm Helene quickly weakened into a tropical depression after moving ashore on Mexico’s Gulf Coast.
    • Diana Nyad launched her latest attempt to become the first person to swim from Cuba to Florida without a wetsuit or a shark cage (she ended her bid three days later).
    • Singer Scott McKenzie, 73, who performed “San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair),” died in Los Angeles.
  • One year ago:
    • For the first time since declaring his presidential run, Republican Donald Trump offered an apology to those who might have been hurt by his caustic comments, saying he regretted some of what he had said “in the heat of debate.”
    • Former NFL star Darren Sharper was sentenced by a federal judge in New Orleans to more than 18 years in prison for drugging women in order to rape them — double the sentence recommended by prosecutors.
    • At the Rio Games, Jamaica’s Usain Bolt completed an unprecedented third consecutive sweep of the 100- and 200-meter sprints.
    • Retired Army Gen. John W. Vessey, former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, died in North Oaks, Minnesota, at age 94.
  • Birthdays:
    • Former first lady Rosalynn Carter is 90.
    • Movie director Roman Polanski is 84.
    • Olympic gold medal decathlete Rafer Johnson is 82.
    • Actor-director Robert Redford is 81.
    • Actor Henry G. Sanders is 75.
    • Actor-comedian Martin Mull is 74.
    • Rhythm-and-blues singer Sarah Dash (LaBelle) is 72.
    • Rock musician Dennis Elliott is 67.
    • Country singer Jamie O’Hara is 67.
    • Comedian Elayne Boosler is 65.
    • Country singer Steve Wilkinson (The Wilkinsons) is 62.
    • Actor Denis Leary is 60.
    • Actor Reg E. Cathey is 59.
    • Actress Madeleine Stowe is 59.
    • Former Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner is 56.
    • ABC News reporter Bob Woodruff is 56.
    • Former president of Mexico, Felipe Calderon, is 55.
    • Bluegrass musician Jimmy Mattingly is 55.
    • Actor Adam Storke is 55.
    • Actor Craig Bierko is 53.
    • Rock singer-musician Zac Maloy (The Nixons) is 49.
    • Rock singer and hip-hop artist Everlast is 48.
    • Rapper Masta Killa (Wu-Tang Clan) is 48.
    • Actor Christian Slater is 48.
    • Actor Edward Norton is 48.
    • Actor Malcolm-Jamal Warner is 47.
    • Actress Kaitlin Olson is 42.
    • Actor-writer-director Hadjii is 41.
    • Rock musician Dirk Lance is 41.
    • Actor-comedian Andy Samberg (TV: Saturday Night Live) is 39.
    • Country musician Brad Tursi (Old Dominion) is 38.
    • Actress Mika Boorem is 30.
    • Actress Maia Mitchell is 24.
    • Actress Parker McKenna Posey is 22.
  • Thought for the Day:
    • “That is one of the bitter curses of poverty; it leaves no right to be generous.” — George Gissing, English author and critic (1857-1903).
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